Market Price of Onions in Accra

Price of Onions

Have you ever wondered about the humble yet essential vegetable that adds flavour and depth to countless dishes? Onions, with their distinct aroma and versatile nature, are a kitchen staple that graces tables around the world.


But have you ever paused to consider the intriguing story behind the market price of onions in a bustling city like Accra? What factors influence these prices, and how does this common ingredient make its way from fields to kitchens?

Join us as we delve into the fascinating world of onions, exploring their journey from farm to market and unravelling the economic intricacies that determine their cost in Accra.

Market Price of Onions in Accra

Onion Supply Chain in Accra

The onion supply chain in Accra, Ghana involves several steps from farms to retail outlets. Let’s go through how onions leave the farm to where you purchase them from.

Production: Onions are grown in various parts of Ghana, including the Northern, Upper East, and Upper West regions. Farmers plant onions during the rainy season and harvest them after about four months.

Sorting and grading: After harvesting, onions are sorted and graded based on their size, colour, and quality. This is usually done at the farm or collection centres.


Packaging: Onions are then packaged in sacks or baskets for transportation to wholesale markets.

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Transportation: Onions are transported from the farms to wholesale markets in Accra by road. The transportation process can take several hours or days depending on the distance.

Wholesale markets: Onions are sold in wholesale markets such as the Agbogbloshie Market, Mallam Atta Market, and Tema Market. These markets are usually located on the outskirts of Accra and are the main source of onions for retailers.

Retail outlets: After purchasing onions from the wholesale markets, retailers transport them to their shops or stalls in various parts of Accra. Onions are sold in retail outlets such as supermarkets, grocery stores, and open-air markets.

Price of Onions in Accra

As of August 2023, the retail price range for onions in Accra, Ghana is between GHS 10 and GHS 21 per kilogram or between GHS 4.88 and GHS 9.75 per pound.

However, it is important to note that prices can fluctuate and may vary depending on factors such as location, season, and supply and demand.

For instance, in early August, it was reported that onion prices in Accra may go up due to political tensions in Niger, which is one of Ghana’s major suppliers of onions. These tensions can disrupt the supply chain and lead to a decrease in onion availability, resulting in price increases.

Factors Affecting the Price of Onion in Accra

Demand and supply dynamics: Research shows that the pricing of onions is closely related to the demand and supply in the market. When the demand for onions is high and the supply is low, prices tend to increase. Conversely, when the supply exceeds the demand, prices may decrease.

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Input costs: Factors such as labour, mechanisation, fertilizer, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, fuel, and electricity can affect the price of onions. Fluctuations in the costs of these inputs can impact the overall production cost and subsequently influence onion prices.

Storage and handling costs: The cost of handling, refrigerated storage, and shipping can also affect onion prices. If these costs increase, it can contribute to higher prices for consumers.

Climate conditions: Climate conditions such as droughts or floods can impact onion production and yield quantity. Unfavourable weather conditions can lead to reduced onion supply, causing prices to rise.

Storage possibilities: The availability of storage facilities can affect onion prices. When storage facilities are limited, onions may need to be sold quickly, potentially leading to lower prices. Conversely, if storage facilities are ample, onions can be stored for longer periods, allowing for more controlled pricing.

Technological factors: The use of technology in onion production can affect the price of onions. For example, the use of modern irrigation systems can increase the yield quantity and reduce the price of onions.

Political tensions: Political tensions in countries that supply onions can affect the price of onions in other countries. For instance, the price of onions is quite high in Ghana due to the tension in Niger.

Where to Find the Beast Deals on Onions in Accra

To find the best deals on onions in Accra, Ghana, you can try the following options:

Agbogboshie Onion Market: The Agbogboshie Onion Market in Adjen Kotoku, Greater Accra, is known for selling onions at cheaper prices compared to other markets in Accra. However, it is located far from town, so you may need to factor in transportation costs.

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Local markets: You can also check out local markets in Accra, such as the Madina Market, Kaneshie Market, Nima Market and Makola Market. These markets usually have a variety of vendors selling onions, and you can compare prices to find the best deal.

You can also check out online stores or platforms especially for good onion sales.

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In conclusion, the market price of onions in Accra is a reflection of a complex interplay of factors that range from agricultural practices and supply chains to economic dynamics and consumer demand. As we’ve explored the journey of onions from farms to local markets, it’s evident that this seemingly simple vegetable carries with it a multitude of stories, challenges, and opportunities.

Understanding the nuances behind onion pricing provides us with insights into the larger picture of food systems, local economies, and the vital role that agriculture plays in our daily lives.

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