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Market Price of Fresh Corn in Ghana

Price of Fresh Corn

Price of Fresh Corn: Have you ever wondered about the journey of that humble ear of corn, from the lush fields to your plate? Corn, a staple in many Ghanaian dishes, plays a vital role in the country’s culinary and cultural heritage. But have you ever considered the factors that influence its price? In this article, we delve into the intriguing world of the market price of fresh corn in Ghana. Join us as we explore the various aspects that contribute to its cost and uncover the complexities behind this seemingly simple yet essential food item.

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Market Price of Fresh Corn

Fresh corn, also known as maize, is a versatile and nutritious crop with various uses and benefits. 

Fresh corn is a healthy grain and a source of fibre, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It may promote eye and digestive health and is a good source of potassium, an essential nutrient that many people don’t get enough of. Corn is a versatile crop, and everything on a corn plant is usable. The husk of the corn is traditionally used in making tamales, the kernels are ground into food, and the stalks become animal food.

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Corn is a staple food in many cultures around the world, including Ghana. It is an important crop for smallholder farmers in Ghana, who rely on it for food and income.

Corn is an important crop in Ghana, accounting for more than 50% of the country’s total cereal production. It is a source of income for smallholder farmers and contributes to the country’s economy. Corn starch and corn syrup are some of the products that can be derived from corn. These products are used in various industries such as food, pharmaceuticals, and textiles.

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Uses of Fresh Corn in Ghana

Corn, also known as maize, is an important crop in Ghana, accounting for more than 50% of the country’s total cereal production. Here are some of the uses of corn in Ghana:

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Food: Corn is a major staple food crop in Ghana, especially white corn. The dried shelled corn kernel is usually processed into dry flour or wet corn dough, which is used to make various traditional dishes such as banku, kenkey, and tuo zaafi.

Animal feed: Corn is also used as animal feed in Ghana. It is a common ingredient in poultry feed, as well as in feed for other livestock such as pigs and cattle.

Industrial uses: Corn starch and corn syrup are some of the products that can be derived from corn. These products are used in various industries such as food, pharmaceuticals, and textiles.

Biofuel: A study published on ScienceDirect assessed the quantities and composition of corn stover in Ghana and their conversion into bioethanol. The study mentioned that corn stover, which is the residue left after harvesting the corn grain, can be used to produce bioethanol.

Price of Fresh Corn inGhana

In 2019, the price of maize (which includes corn) in Ghana increased throughout the year, reaching GHS 1.60 per kilogram by the end of July. In 2021 the price increased from GHS 1.60 to GHS 3 per kilo. Also, in 2021, the price of a sack of fresh corn was GH¢150.00 in the Ashaiman market

The hike in the prices of fresh corn continues each year. The retail price range for sweet corn in Ghana in August 2023 is between GHS 32.26 and GHS 43.01 per kilogram or between GHS 14.63 and GHS 19.51 per pound in Accra.

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Factors Affecting the Price of Fresh Corn

Here are some of the factors that affect the price of corn in Ghana:

Supply and demand: Like any other commodity, the price of corn in Ghana is affected by the forces of supply and demand. When the supply of corn is high and the demand is low, the price tends to be low. Conversely, when the supply is low and the demand is high, the price tends to be high.

Weather conditions: Corn production in Ghana is predominantly done under rain-fed conditions by poorly resourced smallholder farmers. Adverse weather conditions such as drought or flooding can affect the production of corn, leading to a decrease in supply and an increase in price.

Inflation: Rising inflation in Ghana can push up the price of staple foods like maize, making it more expensive for families to afford.

Transportation costs: The cost of transporting corn from the farms to the markets can also affect the price of corn in Ghana. If the transportation costs are high, the price of corn tends to be high as well.

Government policies: Government policies such as subsidies, taxes, and import/export regulations can also affect the price of corn in Ghana. For example, if the government imposes high taxes on imported corn, the price of locally produced corn may increase.

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As we wrap up our exploration into the market price of fresh corn in Ghana, we’ve gained a deeper understanding of the intricate web of factors that shape its cost. From weather patterns and agricultural practices to supply and demand dynamics, the price of corn is influenced by a multitude of variables.

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By delving into this topic, we’ve unveiled the layers beneath the surface and gained a newfound appreciation for the efforts that go into producing this staple food. The next time you enjoy a delicious corn dish, remember the journey it took from the fields to your plate, and the intricate dance of factors that determine its market price.

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